30.3.09

El test del lunes: Staying alive

Un interesante test desde The Philosopher's Magazine: Staying alive - The Personal Identity Game (mantenerte vivo: el juego de la identidad personal)

Se nos presentan varios escenarios, y tenemos que ir tomando decisiones contando con que nuestro objetivo es mantenernos con vida. Pero, claro, tratándose de un test de TPM, no puede ser tan sencillito...

[Estoy haciendo el test. La primera pregunta me hizo sentir miedo angustia]
Y el resultado es:

Congratulations!
According to one theory of personal identity, you have survived!

However, although you have survived, you seem to have taken an unnecessary risk.

Es decir: según una teoría de la identidad personal, he sobrevivido, pero tomando un riesgo innecesario.

Resumo la valoración de mis opciones, que veréis al final del post para los que os apetezca leerlo en versión original: Mi hilo de decisiones es consistente con al menos una de las tres teorías de identidad personal, el del reduccionismo psicológico. Hay tres condiciones primordiales para hablar de la continudad en la existencia de una persona: continuidad física, psicológica o de una parte inmaterial, llámese alma u otra cosa. La existencia continuada de una persona puede suponer la continuidad de uno o más de estos aspectos.
Si queréis más detalles, al final del post está la valoración y explicación más detallada en inglés.

Y supongo que ya os imaginabais que no lo podía dejar pasar:




You chose:
Round 1: It's the spaceship for me!
Round 2: I'll take the silicon!
Round 3: Freeze me!

However, although you have survived, you seem to have taken an unnecessary risk.

There are basically three kinds of things which could be required for the continued existence of your self. One is bodily continuity, which actually may require only parts of the body to stay in existence (e.g., the brain). Another is psychological continuity, which requires, for the continued existence of the self, the continuance of your consciousness, by which is meant your thoughts, ideas, memories, plans, beliefs and so on. And the third possibility is the continued existence of some kind of immaterial part of you, which might be called the soul. It may, of course, be the case that a combination of one or more types of these continuity is required for you to survive.

Your choices are consistent with the theory known as psychological reductionism. On this view, all that is required for the continued existence of the self is psychological continuity. Your three choices show that this is what you see as central to your sense of self, not any attachment to a particular substance, be it your body, brain or soul.

But there is a tension. In allowing your brain and body to be replaced by synthetic parts, you seemed to be accepting that psychological continuity is what matters, not bodily continuity. But if this is the case, why did you risk the space ship instead of taking the teletransporter? You ended up allowing your body to be replaced anyway, so why did you decide to risk everything on the spaceship instead of just giving up your original body there and then?

How have you done compared to other people?

19970 out of 171713 people chose the same path through the scenarios as you. To date, 103623 people have followed a path through these scenarios which is consistent with at least one of the three theories of personal identity specified above, compared to 68090 people who have not.